Good Health Healthy Aging

The History of Alkyrol – Part 5b

…These are only two examples. But most of us have friends or relatives who are octogenarians, who are active, energetic and not incapacitated. Some are highly gifted with remarkably positive outlooks. But in my experience, the majority have lived active lives and consumed a moderate, balanced diet. Here again are the same conditions that help prevent not only heart disease and cancer, but also the changes typically associated with aging.

Click here for Part 5a

How long could a person live if there was no death gene?
The answer is tied to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Everything in the universe eventually winds down. No material thing can last forever, since it requires energy to keep it intact. Why, even the sun is fizzling out, albeit very, very slowly. (Scientists calculate this may take another billion years or so to happen, though, so don’t lose any sleep over it.)

What is the upper limit of the human life span? The growth rate of various organs over the first 20 years varies tremendously. The brain is almost at its full size at five years of age, but the reproductive organs are not fully mature until about age 20. Most mammals living in the wild live about eight times longer than their sexually mature age. So if a horse matures at two to three years, it is likely to live 16 to 24 years. Some horses actually live longer, if under human care.

Since humans mature sexually at about 20 years of age, we could potentially have a life span of 8 x 20 = 160 years. However, I would not place this as the upper limit since, as we learn more, we could side-step many other diseases. Once we have learned how to protect our cellular mitochondria from oxygen damage, we could theoretically live well over 200 years!

Consider this: If we were able to conquer all the known diseases on earth that currently kill us, we would only add about 19 years to our present life expectancy. So it is not the diseases, such as cancer and heart disease, that we should be looking at for research funding. We may find cures for them, even in our present lifetime. Rather, we should invest in research on the chronic oxidative changes that impair the quality of life and cut it tragically short.


For anyone who wants to ward off the effects of aging, I recommend at least one 250-mg capsule of shark liver oil, three times a day. During times of emotional or physical stress, I would double that to 500 mg, three times daily. Continue this supplementation for a month, and then discontinue for a couple of weeks before starting again. This is a wise course to follow, since the liver tends to store fish oil-derived vitamin A for long periods of time. By doing this, you are reducing your risk of vitamin A overload.

Good Health Healthy Aging Immune System

The History of Alkyrol – Part 4

How to decrease the risk of heart disease

One major step in reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease is to stop smoking cigarettes! The number of free radicals generated in cigarette smoke is astronomical, extending far beyond the body’s antioxidant mechanisms.

Another important step is lowering your LDL cholesterol. How is this done? First, reduce total caloric intake, decrease saturated fats, and increase unsaturated fats, available in fish such as salmon and tuna.

Next, try to increase your exercise level. Consistent physical activity can lower LDL and increase HDL.

Third, you may need prescribed medication. Niacin, which is not a prescription drug, may be used when other methods fail, but you need 1,000 mg two to three times a day. At this level, it is best to consult your doctor before self-medicating.


Shark liver oil has not been shown to directly lower cholesterol. However, early studies show that alkylglycerols are potent antioxidants. They may protect against damage to heart tissue following a heart attack.

It would take a long-term study to prove that shark liver oil can help prevent cardiovascular disease, but the data on alkylglycerols strongly suggest they may help. Alkylglycerols can be used long term to help reduce the risk of heart disease.

In individuals with heart disease, they may protect against serious complications from heart attacks or heart damage. After a heart attack, the muscles of the heart are badly damaged and undergo a process called ischemia, or lack of oxygen. Ischemic tissue slowly dies if there is no return of oxygen.

However, when oxygen is delivered, it may have both good and bad effects. In the presence of oxygen, the ischemic tissue produces many free radicals that can further damage the heart tissue. Scientific research indicates that alkylglycerols can counteract these free radicals, thus protecting the heart against catastrophe.


We call this process ischemia-reperfusion. It is a serious complication occurring often on the third or fourth day after a heart attack. Even angina attacks can cause mild damage that may be aggravated by concomitant free-radical damage.

Alkylglycerols may help protect you against this occurrence. The key to understanding antioxidants and free radicals is the word “prevention.” If you have a sufficient amount of antioxidants in the body, it will be far easier to stay healthy.

If there was only one reason to take shark liver oil, it would be as an antioxidant, even though the benefits of shark liver oil beyond its antioxidant activity. Let’s look now at the process of aging, and how free radicals trigger the changes usually associated with old age.

Good Health Healthy Aging Immune System

The History of Alkyrol – Part 3

Alkylglycerols for cancer prevention and treatment

One of the first uses for shark liver oil was to control the side effects of radiation treatment in cancer patients. The initial studies were done in Sweden by the Drs. Astrid Brohult, Sven Brohult, and Johan Brohult, and published in the journal Nature in 1962. In the 1960s and 1970s, positive results were also observed in three different clinical experiments.

As mentioned previously, after treatment with shark liver oil, there was a significant reduction in radiation injuries following X-ray treatment for cancer of the cervix, as well as an increase in survival rates. In any form of cancer therapy, the use of alkylglycerols will both intensify the treatment’s benefits, while decreasing the severity of unwanted side effects.


Consider that cancer is a malignant, neoplastic (i.e., spreading) disease, which means it is characterized by new, uncontrolled growth. That’s why the alkylglycerols are effective for this condition. As an immune stimulant, alkylglycerols activate macrophages, making cancer cells more susceptible to attack. Shark liver oil provides other active ingredients, such as squalamine, that help treat cancer.

Good Health Healthy Aging Immune System

The History of Alkyrol – Part 2

Medicines from the sea

Only within the last several decades have scientists begun to mine the rich marine medicines and nutrients available in the seas. The bodies of some ocean animals, in fact, could hold the keys to new treatments for human diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and AIDS. These creatures have survived changing environments for millions of years.

Ocean animals tend to be simpler in structure than humans. An advantage for medical researchers is that ocean animals’ cell structure and growth are easier to observe and understand than typical laboratory animals.

For instance, consider the recent research on squids and human brains. A single squid’s nerve fibers are large enough to be easily studied. Neurobiologists have been using them for awhile to investigate two human brain abnormalities: Alzheimer and Lou Gehrigs diseases. Or, let’s look at the work on cyanobacteria and AIDS. Single-cell cyanobacteria are neither plants nor animals. They evolved 3.5 billion years ago, the first photosynthesizing organisms on earth. Somehow, they managed to survive our planets poisonous environment and used the sun’s energy to produce oxygen, creating our present life-sustaining atmosphere. Researchers are currently testing cyanobacteria to see it they contain a substance that could help defeat AIDS once and tor all.


The horseshoe crab is also useful in biomedical research. Its optic nerves helped researchers understand human vision. Now scientists are intensively studying its large, bacteria-killing amoebocyte cells.

Among the ocean’s many coral reefs-often compared to rain forests on land-are life forms such as sea squirts and sponges, which defend themselves with powerful toxins. Researchers have discovered a variety of uses, therapeutic and experimental, for these exotic chemicals.

Our understanding of how human cells fight disease came from ocean observations. In 1883, Russian-born scientist Elie Metchnikoff noticed that free-floating cells in a starfish would swarm toward a foreign object in the starfish’s body and clump around it. His observation, and a quarter of a century of hard research, led to our present knowledge of the immune system’s cellular functions when infection is present.

Good Health Healthy Aging Immune System

The History of Alkyrol – Part 1

Sharks – The adaptable old-timer

“Biologically, the species is the accumulation of the experiments of all its successful individuals since the beginning”

H.G. Wells (1866-1946), British author. A Modern Utopia Ch 3, Sct 4 (1905; repr in The Works of H. G. Wells, Vol 9, 1925).

Sharks are cartilaginous fish (i.e., having a skeleton wholly or largely composed of cartilage). They vary greatly in size, behavior, and in the way they reproduce. They are found at all depths in all the oceans of the world except the Antarctic. However, they are most abundant in tropical and subtropical waters. A few species of shark inhabit freshwater lakes and rivers, and some migrate regularly from salt to freshwater.

Sharks are remarkably successful animals, with few parasites or diseases and almost no enemies except other sharks, As predators and scavengers, sharks play a major role in the ecosystems of the world’s oceans.

Paleontologists believe that sharks evolved from some primitive, heavily armored, sluggish placoderm that became extinct about 350 million years ago, at the end of the Devonian era. This is approximately when the first shark-like creatures appeared. Sharks almost identical to those living today evolved about 160 million years ago, during the Jurassic period (same time period as represented in the movie, Jurassic Park). This species has survived unchanged for 160 million years in contrast, we poor Homo sapiens have been around for less than million years.


Well-attuned to most of the water of the world, sharks appear to dominate the depths. Swimmers, water skiers, snorkels, scuba divers, and spear fishermen are invading their habitats in every-increasing numbers. Sharks have responded with predictable reflex reactions: They have attacked. The resulting notoriety has given sharks a bad reputation. The mass media have embellished the image, and now most people react with alarm to the word “shark.” However, the facts don’t support this dread of sharks. Of the 100 or so unprovoked attacks that occur worldwide every year, fewer than 35 are fatal.

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The Shark Oil Story

Shark liver oil has been used for centuries in the Scandinavian countries, particularly by fishermen, who used it as a remedy for slow healing wounds and against irritation of the respiratory organs.

alkyrol_greenland shark_alkylglycerols

In the 19th century the use of shark liver oil almost died out, surviving only in a few fishing communities. It was to take more than a century before the use of the shark liver oil was revived, following the publications of scientific documentation regarding its beneficial effects.

In 1952, a young Swedish doctor, Astrid Brohult, M.D., discovered that the marrow from fresh calf bones given to children with leukemia stimulated their white cell production.

It was later shown that the stimulating factor was a group of substances known as Alkylglycerols, that had first been identified by two Japanese researchers in 1922 – in liver oil from sharks. The distribution of Alkylglycerols in nature has since been found to be widespread.

They occur in the lipids of various animal organs, for example in bone marrow fat, in the fat of the spleen and the liver, in erythrocytes and in milk (ten times more in human mother’s milk than in cow’s milk).


The highest source of Alkylglycerols was found to be in the liver of the Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus. The healing effects of Alkylglycerols on the tissues of the body have been confirmed over the last 40 years by extensive clinical and laboratory research, mainly conducted by Swedish physicians and scientists.

Besides the above-mentioned biological effects of the Alkylglycerols, it has been shown that patients with cancer of the uterine cervix, who were treated with Alkylglycerols before and during irradiation treatment, had 9% higher survival rate after five years, as compared to the control group.